What is it Dengue Fever
Dengue is a viral disease that is transmitted through a mosquito. This virus is very common in the hot and humid areas of the world.
Dengue virus is spread by female mosquitoes. Mainly of the Aedes aegypti species and to a lesser extent A. In addition, these mosquitoes also transmit chikungunya fever, yellow fever and Zika virus infection.
Dengue symptoms begin after an incubation period that can vary from five to eight days after the bite and people usually present:
Nausea and vomiting
Rash on the skin.
Blood in the gums and nose.
Muscle and joint pain.
From the World Health Organization (WHO) state that the only way to control or prevent the transmission of the dengue virus is to fight against vector mosquitoes:
It is essential to maintain the order of the environment to prevent mosquitoes from finding places to lay their eggs.
Correctly dispose of solid waste and possible artificial habitats.
Clean and empty every week the containers in which water is stored for domestic use. In addition, apply suitable insecticides to reservoirs in which it stores water outdoors.
On the other hand, you should use mosquito nets on the windows, wear long-sleeved clothes and materials treated with insecticides and vaporizers.
There are two types of dengue:
The classic dengue that does not usually present many complications, since the organism tends to recover completely with the proper care.
Hemorrhagic dengue which is caused by the serotypes Day 1, Day 2, Day 3 and Day 4, whose incubation period is between five and eight days. Is a
severe manifestation and can cause the death of the patient because tachycardias, bone pain, hemorrhages, blood pressure disturbance, circulatory insufficiency or dehydration may occur.
There are several tests that can be done to diagnose this condition, such as a laboratory test to measure the level of antibodies through a blood sample, a complete blood count, or liver function tests.
Experts say there is no specific treatment for dengue. However, assistance from doctors and nurses who have experience with the effects and evolution of the disease is essential to save lives and reduce mortality rates.