Hot weather is here every day. That means it’s the perfect time to go for a swim and relax in the shade. But before slathering on the sunscreen and heading outdoors.
It’s important to know the signs of heat-related injuries. How to stay cool when the temperatures soar.
Heat exhaustion includes heavy sweating, a fast but weak pulse, breathlessness, headache, dizziness.”Heat exhaustion can happen to anyone overexerting themselves in extreme heat.” Says BIDMC emergency medicine physician Laura Burke, MD. “If symptoms are severe, call for medical help right away.”Individuals at an increased risk for heat exhaustion include:
Any people with heart disease or high blood pressure. Any people over age 65Infants. Children People with sunburn, which impairs the cooling mechanism of the skin. Heat exhaustion can escalate to a life-threatening condition called heat stroke. “During heat stroke, the body can no longer cool itself down through sweating. Which can result in damage to major organs,” Burke says.
Symptoms include hot and dry skin. A fever higher than 103°F, headache, confusion, and unconsciousness. “If you see someone suffering from heat stroke. Try to cool the person down by getting to shade or into the air conditioning. Cool water applies with wet cloths and calls for medical help immediately,” Burke says. Healthy in the Heat You Body
Check out these important tips to help you stay cool and healthy in the heat.
Drink plenty of water in the world.
Avoid alcohol, which can impact your ability to sweat properly. Caffeine, which is a natural diuretic. “Two glasses of water per hour is a good rule of thumb in extreme heat,” Burke says.
Dress in light-colored, loose-fitted clothing in your body.
Breathable clothing allows sweat to evaporate. In the hot sun, cover up with a hat and sunscreen.
Limit outdoor activity your movement.
If you plan to exercise outdoors. Avoid peak hours when temperatures are highest. “Try to rest often in shady areas so that your body’s thermostat will have a chance to recover,” Burke says. Healthy in the Heat You Body
Take a cool shower your body.
Another way to cool down quickly is to take a cool shower or bath. To place a cool washcloth on your forehead.
Above content provided by Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. For advice about your medical care. Consult your doctor.